Gastroenterology

What is it

A proctoscopy is a diagnostic test that allows the visual and digital examination of the anus and rectum and the introduction of a rectoscope.

What is its purpose

To identify alterations or lesions in the mucous lining of the area, also to obtain samples for analysis. It is recommended to discover the cause of constipation, chronic diarrhoea, rectal bleeding or when diverticulosis or cancer are suspected.

How is it done

It is a generally a simple, pain-free procedure that can be performed in under 10 minutes. Normally the doctor will conduct a visual and digital examination before introducing the rectoscope, an instrument measuring 25 – 30 cms with a small camera that allows an unobstructed view of the interior of the rectal cavity.

Preparation for this test consists of using laxatives or an enema, either the night before or on the morning of the procedure.

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